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2020考研英語備考:語法長難句之倒裝句型結構篇

2019-09-19 10:24:59| 來源:

山西考研網為大家帶來2020考研英語備考:語法長難句之倒裝句型結構篇,為你考場作答撥云見霧愿各位考生在考試中得到滿意的分數。

語法長難句之倒裝句型結構篇

一、理論常識

倒裝句的幾種形式

1. 以here , there ,then , now , next引出的倒裝句。

Here comes the special guest of the party .

There seem to be many beautiful girls in the university .

2. 以表地點的介詞短語引出的倒裝句。

At the school gate stood an old woman .

Under the tree are sitting some students .

On the bed lay a big teddy bear .

注意:主語為代詞是不用倒裝。

3. 以表示方位的副詞引出的倒裝句。

Off went the horse .

Down fell a dozen apples .

4. 否定詞或具有否定意義的詞及詞組用在句首。

Never have I seen such a good teacher .

Not a moment did he waste on campus .

By no means should she be left alone .

Under no circumstances will I believe you .

5. only置于句首。

Only in this way can we make a difference .

6. as / though引導讓步狀語從句。

Rich as he is , he spends a cent on charity .

Try as / though he does , he never seems able to get a high score in the exams .

7. 在虛擬條件句中,連詞if省略時,即將were , had , should等詞提到句首。

Were I you , I would take this chance .

Should he come tomorrow , he would help us to settle the problem .

二、試題舉例

Odd though it sounds , cosmic inflation is a scientifically plausible consequence of some respected ideas in elementary-particle physics , and many astrophysicists have been convinced for the better part of a decade that it is true.

【重點詞匯解析】plausible,adj. 貌似可信的;consequence,n. 結果、推論;astrophysicist,n. 天體物理學家

【參考翻譯】盡管它聽起來很奇怪,宇宙膨脹說是在基礎粒子物理學中的一些公認的觀點在科學上貌似可信的推論,并且很多天體物理學家在近十年中已經相信這種理論是真實的。

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