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2020考研英語:填空模擬題(8)

2019-09-27 11:28:41| 來源:山西中公教育

山西考研網為大家帶來2020考研英語:填空模擬題(8),為你考場作答撥云見霧愿各位考生在考試中得到滿意的分數。

Every human being has unique arrangement of skin on his fingers and this arrangement is unchangeable. Scientists and experts have proved the 1 of finger-prints and discovered that no 2 similar pattern is 3 from parents to children, 4 nobody knows why this is the 5 .

The ridge 6 on a person’ finger doesn’t change 7 growth and is not affected by 8 injuries. Burns, cuts and other damages to the 9 part of the skin will be replaced 10 by a new one which bears the reproduction of the 11 pattern. It is only when the inner skin is injured that the arrangement will be 12 Some criminals make use of this to 13 their own finger-prints 14 this is a dangerous and rare step to 15 .

Finger-prints can be made very easily with a printer’s ink. They can be recorded easily. With special method, 16 can be achieved successfully within a short time. 17 the simplicity and economy of this system, finger-print have often been used as a method of solving criminal cases. A 8 man may deny the charge but this may be 19 . His finger-prints can prove who he is even his 20 has been changed by age or accident.

1. A. uselessnessB. quantityC. magnitudeD. uniqueness

2. A. naturally B. exactlyC. especiallyD. particularly

3. A. passed onB. passed awayC. passed outD. passed off

4. A. ifB. whenC. thoughD. as

5. A. reasonB. causeC. groundD. case

6. A. constructionB. structureC. locationD. position

7. A. withB. because ofC. untilD. under

8. A. graveB. severeC. substantialD. superficial

9. A. outsideB. outwardC. innerD. outer

10. A. in timeB. on timeC. at timesD. behind time

11. A. originalB. differentC. definiteD. customary

12. A. restoredB. hurtC. destroyedD. restricted

13. A. diminishB. disposeC. undermineD. remove

14. A. andB. butC. whenD. if

15. A. makeB. takeC. doD. adapt

16. A. realizationB. detectionC. identificationD. investigation

17. A. In spite ofB. Irrespective ofC. Because ofD. In case of

18. A. suspectedB. doubtedC. distrustedD. doubtful

19. A. out of caseB. in vainC. at randomD. in question

20. A. lookB. expressionC. appearanceD. sight

參考答案及解析:

1. 【答案】D. uniqueness

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配。uniqueness 獨一無二,獨特性,正合題意。magnitude 大小,數量;quantity 數量;uselessness 無用性;均與題意相悖,不能入選。

2. 【答案】B. exactly

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配。 exactly (= correctly; quite) 確切地,完全地:They are exactly alike. naturally 自然地;especially 和 particularly 尤其的,特別的;邏輯上均不符合題意,故不入選。

3. 【答案】A. passed on

【解析】本題測試慣用搭配。pass on (=convey to other)把……..傳遞給另外的人:We should pass on the fine tradition of hard struggle from generation to generation. pass away 去世; pass out 失去知覺,昏倒; pass off 中止,停止。

4. 【答案】 C. though

【解析】本題測試邏輯搭配。though 盡管;與句意相符。

5. 【答案】D. case

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配。case 情況,情景:I afterwards heard that this was not the case. (我后來聽到,情況并非如此) If that is the case, I must as well try.(情況如果是這樣,我也應該爭取)本句譯文:科學家和專家業已證明指紋的獨特性并發現由父母傳給子女的指紋沒有完完全全相似的,盡管沒有人知道為什么會這樣。

6. 【答案】B. structure

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配。structure (=way in which sth. is put together, organized, etc.)構造,結構:the structure of the human body(人體構造)。construction 建造,建設;location 定位置;位置;position 1)位置:in position (在適當的位置),out of position(不在適當的位置);2)地位,職位,工作。從上下文的意思來看,此處指一個人手指上脊的“構造”,故選 structure.

7. 【答案】A. with

【解析】本題測試結構搭配。with 在此處的含義是“隨著”。

8. 【答案】D. superficial

【解析】本題測試邏輯型詞義搭配。superficial 表層的,符合題題,可以入選。grave 需要認真考慮的,嚴重的,嚴峻的;severe 嚴厲的,嚴重的;substantial 實質的;均不符合題意。

9. 【答案】D. outer

【解析】本題測試邏輯型詞義搭配。outer 外部的,外層的,其反義詞是 inner; outside 在外面的,其反義詞是 inside; outward 外面的,在外面的:the outward appearance of things(東西的外觀)

10.【答案】A.in time

【解析】本題測試慣用搭配。in time 此處意為“后來漸漸,終于”;其他選擇均不符合題意。on time 準時;at times 有時;behind time 晚點。

11. 【答案】A. original

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配。original 原來的,本來的。 bears reproduction 意為“重新長出”。

12. 【答案】C. destroyed

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配。destroy 意為“毀壞”。hurt 傷害,不合題意。

13.【答案】D. removed

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配。removed vt.(=cause sth. to disappear, eliminate) 消除,去除;diminish vt./vi. 減少;dispose (of) 處理,處置;undermine vt. 破壞。remove 與題意相符。

14. 【答案】 B. but

【解析】本題測試邏輯搭配。從邏輯上講,本題需要一個對比連詞,故應選 but(但是)

15.【答案】B. take

【解析】 本題測試慣用搭配。take a step 采取措施:That would be a rash step to take. (那會是冒失的措施。) make a step 走一步。

16.【答案】C. identification

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配。identification 鑒定;realization 認識到,實現,認清;detection 覺察,發覺,偵察;investigation 偵察;

17.【答案】C. Because of

【解析】本題測試邏輯搭配。此處表示因果關系,故應選 because of. in spite of 盡管;irrespective of 不顧的,不考慮的;irrespective of sex, age or education 無論性別,年齡,或教育程度;in case of 萬一:in case of fire 萬一發生火災。

18.【答案】A. suspected

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配。suspect 嫌疑,猜疑。常指設想某人有欺詐,私通或犯罪的嫌疑;doubt 懷疑,意為對事情的真假,將來事情的成功與否的懷疑。distrust 不信任,懷疑;意指是否值得信任,與suspected 不同,故本題應選 suspected.

19. 【答案】B. in vain

【解析】 本題測試慣用搭配。in vain(=without the desired result) 徒勞,白辛苦:1)He tried in vain to open the locked door.(作狀語)2)All our efforts were in vain.(作表語)

in question 1)所談的:That is not the subject in question. (那不是我們所談的課題)

2) 有問題:I know Bill would be a good captain for the team. That is not in question. But does he want to be captain? (我知道,比爾會成為好隊長。那是不成問題的。但他想不想當隊長?)

out of use 不再使用:This railway station is out of use. at random 任意的,隨意的。

20. 【答案】C. appearance

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配。appearance 外表,儀表;look 臉色,神態;expression 表情,臉色,與look 同義;sight 視覺,視域;情景。

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