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2020考研英語:填空模擬題(7)

2019-09-27 11:28:42| 來源:山西中公教育

山西考研網為大家帶來2020考研英語:填空模擬題(7),為你考場作答撥云見霧愿各位考生在考試中得到滿意的分數。

Smoking may be a pleasure for some people. 1 ,it is a serious source of 2 for their fellows. Now medical authorities express their 3 about the effect of smoking 4 the health not only of those who smoke but also those who do not . 5 ,nonsmokers who must 6 inhale the air polluted by tobacco smoke may 7 more than the smokers themselves.

As you are 8 informed, a considerable number of students have 9 in a effort to 10 the university to 11 smoking in the classroom. I believe they are 12 right in their aim. However, I would hope that it is 13 to achieve this by calling 14 the smokers to use good judgment and show concern for other 15 than by regulation.

Smoking is 16 by city bylaws in theatres and in halls used for showing films as well as in laboratories where there may be a fire hazard. 17 , it is up to you good 18 .

I am therefore asking you to 19 “No smoking” in the auditoriums, classrooms and seminar rooms. This will prove that you have the nonsmoker’s health and well-being 20 ,which is very important to a large number of our students.

1. A. HenceB. HoweverC. Anyway D. Furthermore

2. A. joyB. discomfortC. convenienceD. relief

3. A. considerationB. attentionC. belief D. concern

4. A. againstB. forC. inD. on

5. A. In consequenceB. On the other handC. In factD. After all

6. A. instinctivelyB. instantlyC. spontaneouslyD. reluctantly

7. A. sufferB. subjectC. submitD. sustain

8. A. certainB. sureC. doubtlessD. right

9. A. enteredB. joinedC. attendedD. involved

10. A. reasonB. persuade C. argueD. suggest

11. A. stopB. objectC. banD. prevent

12. A. entirelyB. likelyC. generallyD. possibly

13. A. likelyB. probableC. properD. possible

14. A. outB. forC. onD. up

15. A. ratherB. betterC. moreD. other

16. A. prohibitedB. protectedC. reservedD. cleared

17. A. FurthermoreB. ConsequentlyC. NeverthelessD. Elsewhere

18. A. ideaB. dutyC. senseD. responsibility

19. A. persistB. maintainC. stickD. adhere

20. A. in mindB. in headC. in heartD. in memory

參考答案及解析:

1. 【答案】B. However

【解析】本題測試邏輯搭配. however 然而,正合題意。hence 因此;anyway(=in any case, at any rate) 無論如何;furthermore 而且,此外。根據邏輯意思應選 B. However。

2. 【答案】B. discomfort

【解析】本題測試邏輯型詞義搭配. 從上文意思看,上句有pleasure 一詞,however 表示語氣轉折,可見后面應選 discomfort, 形成對照。

3. 【答案】D. concern

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. express one’s concern about(or for, over)表達對….的關心,顧慮:1)He didn’t show much concern about (or for) it.

2) The Prime Minister expressed his concern over the strike that had lasted for two months or so.

consideration 考慮,思考:1) Your proposal is now under consideration. (你的建議正在考慮中。) 2) You should take these facts into consideration.

attention 注意:pay attention to, give attention to, devote attention to, draw attention to (吸引對…..的注意),attract one’s attention(吸引某人的注意力)。

belief (in) 相信,信賴:I have great belief in his ability to succeed. 可見,consideration, attention 與 belief 均不切題。

4. 【答案】D. on

【解析】本題測試結構搭配. The effect of smoking on the health 吸煙對健康的影響。

5. 【答案】C. In fact

【解析】本題測試邏輯搭配.in fact 事實上,實際上。從上下文的意思來看,正合題意。in consequence 因此,on the other hand 另一方面,after all 畢竟,均不符合題意。

6. 【答案】D. reluctantly

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. reluctantly 勉強的;instinctively 本能的,天生的;spontaneously 自發地;instantly 立即?梢,reluctantly 正合題意。

7. 【答案】A. suffer

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. suffer vt./vi. 遭受,受到;正合題意。subject…to 使……受到…..:He was subjected to severe criticism.

submit vt. 1) 提交:We have submitted your request to the committee. 2) (與to 連用) vt./vi. 服從,聽任:I refuse to submit (myself) to his control.

sustain vt. 1) 支撐: These two posts sustain the whole roof. 2) 經受,承受:She sustained a great loss in the death of her husband. 從上下文的邏輯意思和詞義搭配來看,suffer 是正確的選擇。

8. 【答案】C. doubtless

【解析】本題測試結構型詞義搭配. doubtless 是副詞,意為“一定,肯定,無疑”,例如 :1) It was doubtless his own fault. 2) John will doubtless come on time as he always dose.

certain, sure, right 均為形容詞,從語法結構上就可以排除這些選項。

9. 【答案】B. joined

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. join 參加(某個組織):He joined the army last year.

join in 參加(某種活動):1) The girl, Mary, joined in the conversation. 2) May I join in the game? enter 1)進入:He entered the sitting-room. 2) 參加,到…..里面工作:I refused to enter the discussion. 可見本題用entered 不妥,因為它是及物動詞。3) enter into 開始(談話,討論等) :He entered into an explanation. 4)enter for 報名參加:I shall enter for the new competition. attend 在搭配關系與邏輯意思上均不符合本題題意。如用involve,則需用被動態, be involved in 參加。例如:Many workers were involved in the strikes in 1946.(許多工人參加了1946年的大罷工。) 2) He is involved in a lot of extra work.(他參加了許多額外的工作。) attend vt. 出席:He attended the meeting yesterday.

10. 【答案】B. persuade

【解析】本題測試結構型詞義搭配. persuade sb. to do sth. 說服某人做某事。

reason vt. 通過講道理是某人做某事,含有“說服”的意思,其搭配關系是:reason sb. into doing sth. 1) Let’s reason him into joining us. 2) I managed to reason him into complying with the traffic regulations. (我和他講道理讓他遵守交通規則。)

argue sb.into doing sth. 通過爭論讓某人做某事:They tried to argue him into joining them. suggest 后不能接sb. to do sth., 但可以接sb.’s doing sth., 例如:I suggested his staying instead of going there.

11. 【答案】C. ban

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. 雖然,ban, stop, object to, prevent 后均可以接動名詞,但含義不同。ban 禁止:1) We will ban all smoking in our club. 2) Smoking is banned here in the train. stop 停止,阻止:The heavy rain has stopped them (or their) playing golf.

object to 反對:1) I strongly objected to being treated like a child.2) I object to your saying that. 3) She objected to us keeping animals.

prevent 防止,阻止:1) Of course, I can’t prevent your going. 2) A sever cold prevented him (from) attending the meeting. 3) We must preventing the rumor from spreading. 根據題意,只能選C. ban 才符合題意。

12. 【答案】A. entirely

【解析】本題測試結構型詞義搭配. entirely(= completely in degree)完全的:The goods were entirely unfit for sale. Entirely 常常修飾形容詞,強調程度上“完全地”。generally 一般來說,從上下文邏輯關系來看,用generally不妥,因為說話者的態度是很明確,堅定的,故用entirely. likely 可能(發生)的;possibly 可能地,均不切題。

13. 【答案】D. possible

【解析】本題測試結構型詞義搭配.It is likely to do sth., It is right to do sth. 和 It is probable to do sth.都是錯誤的,應該用下列句型:It is likely that …..和 It is probable that ….. 可見本題只能選possible.

14. 【答案】C. on

【解析】本題測試慣用搭配. call on sb. to do sth. 號召某人做某事:The president called on his people to make sacrifice for the good of their country. call for sth. 需要;call sb. up 給某人打電話。

15. 【答案】A. rather

【解析】本題測試邏輯搭配.rather than 是選擇連詞,意為:而不是。

16. 【答案】A. prohibited

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. prohibited sth. or sb. from doing sth.禁止或阻止某人做某事。prohibit 的其他搭配關系有:1) Many firms prohibit smoking in their shops. 2) Picking flowers in the park is prohibited. 3) His small size prohibited his becoming a policeman. 此句中的prohibit 意為“阻止”。4) Passengers are prohibited from smoking in the waiting-room. (禁止旅客在候車室里吸煙。)

17. 【答案】D. Elsewhere

【解析】本題測試邏輯搭配. elsewhere(=in, at, to some other place) 在別處,到別處。

18. 【答案】C. sense

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配.sense 意識,觀念;此句中意為“修養”。

本句譯文:在其他地方,就要看你的修養了。

19. 【答案】B. maintain

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. maintain 保持,主張;正合題意。persist in 堅持:Don’t persist in doing what you shouldn’t.

stick to 堅持,堅持干,遵循:1) I stick to what I said yesterday. 2) He will stick to his task until it is finished. 3) Flying is simple if you stick to the rule.

adhere to 堅持,奉行:adhere to the reform and opening-up policy.

20. 【答案】A. in mind

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. have sb./sth. in mind 心中想著某人或某事: I don’t know who he has in mind for the job. (我不知道他心中想把這項工作交給誰干)

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