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2020考研英語:填空模擬題(2)

2019-09-27 11:28:45| 來源:山西中公教育

山西考研網為大家帶來2020考研英語:填空模擬題(2),為你考場作答撥云見霧愿各位考生在考試中得到滿意的分數。

Having passed what I considered the worst obstacle, our spirits rose. We 1 towards the left of the cliff, where the going was better, 2 rather steeper. Here we found little snow, 3 most of it seemed to have been 4 off the mountain. There was no 5 of the mountain in the distance because the clouds were forming all around us.

About 1 o’clock a storm 6 suddenly. We had time to have 7 its approach but we were concentrating on cutting steps, and 8 we had time to do anything, we were blinded by snow. We could not move up or down and had to wait 9 , getting colder and colder. 10 my hood(兜帽), my nose and cheeks were frostbitten and I dared not take a hand out of my glove to warm them.

After two hours of this, I realized we would have to do 11 to avoid being frozen to death where we stood. From time to time through the mist I had 12 the outline of a dark buttress(扶壁)just above us, to descend in the wind was 13 question; our only hope was to scramble up to this buttress, and dig out a platform at the foot of it on which we could 14 our tent.

We climbed to this place and started to 15 the ice. At first my companion seemed to regard the 16 as hopeless but gradually the wind 17 and he cheered up. 18 we had made a platform big enough to put up the tent, and we did this as 19 we could. We 20 into our sleeping bags and fell asleep, felling that we were lucky to be still alive.

1. A. setB. gotC. madeD. took

2. A evenB. thoughC. soD. if

3. A. when B. whereC. asD. so that

4. A. fallenB. flownC. splitD. blown

5. A. viewB. visionC. lookD. glimpse

6. A. came upB. came outC. came overD. came on

7. A. viewedB. noticedC. notifiedD. glanced

8. A. afterB. beforeC. unlessD. until

9. A. motionlesslyB. constantlyC. steadilyD. continually

10. A. In spite ofB. In relation toC. In case ofD. In the event of

11. A. anythingB. nothingC. somethingD. everything

12. A. laid outB. made outC. drawn outD. marked out

13. A. withoutB. inC. beyondD. out of date

14. A. wrenchB. wedgeC. padD. pinch

15. A. cut downB. cut away C. cut outD. cut off

16. A. positionB. situationC. occupationD. orientation

17. A. died outB. died offC. died backD. died down

18. A. Instead ofB. FurthermoreC. IndeedD. At last

19. A. wellB. goodC. bestD. better

20. A. climbedB. crashedC. creptD. crawled

參考答案及解析:

1. 【答案】C. made

【解析】本題測試慣用搭配. make towards(=make for, go forwards, move in the direction of …) 朝….走去。

2. 【答案】B. though

【解析】本題測試邏輯搭配.though 表示讓步意義,引導讓步狀語從句。因為從句主語和主句主語相同,從句謂語又包含be,所以從句中的主語和助動詞可以省略。例如:1) The girl, though plain, had a good kind face. 2) I went on talking , though continually interrupted by John.

3. 【答案】C. as

【解析】本題測試邏輯搭配.從上下文意思看,本句中從句與主句的聯系是因果關系,故選 as,表示原因,其他詞均不切題。

4. 【答案】D. blown

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配.fallen 和flown均為不及物動詞,不能用于被動語態。blow vt.吹,正合題意。

本句譯文:這里我們沒有發現什么雪,因為大部分雪似乎已從山上刮走了。

5. 【答案】A. view

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. 此處view 意為“看見的東西,景色”,例如:Your house has a fine view of the hills. (從你的房子能看到這些小山的美麗景色。)本句譯文:看不到遠處的山,因為我們四周的云層正在形成。

6. 【答案】A. came up

【解析】本題測試詞義型慣用搭配.come up (=happen)發生,形成:A snowstorm is coming up. (一場暴風雪正在醞釀之中。)本句中有suddenly, 故用came up 比came on 更妥。

7. 【答案】B. noticed

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. notify vt.(=inform sb. of sth. ; report sth. to sb.) 通知,報告。glance(at) (=take a quick look at) 看一眼(強調行為的過程)。因此,notify和glance均不符合題意。notice vt. ( =become aware of; observe)注意到;留心;看到(強調行為的結果);view vt.(=look at or watch carefully)仔細察看,注視(強調行為的過程)?梢,此句中應選,noticed.

8. 【答案】B. before

【解析】本題測試邏輯搭配.

本句譯文:我們本來應該注意到風暴的來臨,但是那時我們正在集中精力開路。我們還來不及采取任何措施,就已被白雪照的眼花繚亂。

9. 【答案】A. motionlessly

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配.前半句提到“不能上下走動”,所以“不得不一動不動的等待”。根據這種邏輯意思,只能選motionlessly.

10. 【答案】A. In spite of

【解析】本題測試邏輯搭配. in spite of 盡管:In spite of the heavy rain, she went to the shop. in relation to 關于,至于。in case of 萬一。in the event of 萬一發生。

11. 【答案】C. something

【解析】本題測試詞義型邏輯搭配.“do something +動詞不定式”常譯為“采取措施以便能做….”。在否定句中可以用 not ….anything 或nothing.例如:I can do nothing to get rid of the embarrassing situation. (我實在無能為力擺脫困境)。

本句譯文:這種情況持續兩個小時以后,我意識到我們必須想點辦法以免凍死在這里。

從句意看,只能選something.

12. 【答案】B. made out

【解析】本題測試慣用搭配.make out(=see and identify with effort or difficulty)辨認出。

13. 【答案】D. out of the

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. out of the question(=impossible) 不可能的。without question 毫無疑問,beyond question 毋庸置疑;in question 有疑問(做表語)所談到的(做后置定語)。

14. 【答案】D. pinch

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. wrench vt. 擰,扭;扳緊;歪曲(事實);wedge oneself into a crowd 擠在人群中;pad vt. 填塞:pad sth. with cotton 填棉花。pinch vt. 搭,捏。pinch(=put up) a tent 搭帳篷。

15. 【答案】B. cut away

【解析】本題測試慣用搭配。cut away 砍掉;cut off 打斷,中斷;cut down 消減;cut out 刪掉

16. 【答案】B. situation

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. position(具體的)工作,職位;situation 工作,形勢,狀況;occupation 職業,工作;orientation 方向,方位;熟悉,適應。根據題意應選 B. situation.

17. 【答案】D. died down

【解析】本題測試慣用搭配. die out vt. 消失,滅絕;die off vi. 相繼死去;die back vi.(植物)枯死;die down vi. (=disappear or subside gradually) 逐漸消失;止息:1) The wind often dies down at sunset.(風往往在日落時停息。) 風的“停息”一般用die down 或die away,而火的“平息”常用die down 或die out.參閱 A Dictionary of English Phrasal Verbs(上海譯文出版社)。

18. 【答案】D. At last

【解析】本題測試邏輯搭配.at last 終于,最終;符合上下文的邏輯關系。

19. 【答案】C. best

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. as best one can/could 盡量好的:1) Do it as best you. 2) We comforted her as best as we could. 3) I’ll answer his two questions as best I can.

20. 【答案】D. crawled

【解析】本題測試詞義搭配. crawled (=move slowly, pulling the body along the ground) 匍匐而行。climb (=go up or over[sth.], esp. using one’s hands and feet) 攀爬,攀登:climb a wall, a mountain, a tree, a rope, the stairs, a hill. 本題是“爬進睡袋”,故不能用climb. crash(=fall or strike suddenly, violently, noisily) 猛跌,猛撞:The bus crashed into a tree(公共汽車撞在樹上撞壞了)crash也可以作“沖入,闖入”解:Five people were killed in the aircraft crash. (5人在這次飛機失事中喪生。) 可見,crash不能入選。leap vi.(向前)躍;creep vi. 慢慢的,悄悄地或偷偷地移動(尤其指彎著腰走)。綜上所述,只有D. crawled 符合題意。

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